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Geography & Climate

Cambodia is a country in Southeastern Asia; the country is bounded on the north by Thailand and by Laos, on the east and southeast by Vietnam, and on the west by the Gulf of Thailand and by Thailand. Its border is split among Vietnam, Thailand and Laos. Cambodia covers an area of 181,035 square kilometers and is divided into 21 provinces. It lies completely within the tropics; its southernmost points are only slightly more than 10° above the equator. Much of the country’s area consists of rolling plains. Dominant features are the large, almost centrally located, Tonle Sap and the Mekong River, which traverses the country from north to south. Other areas of Cambodia are mountainous, including the Dangrek, Cardomen and Elephant mountain ranges.

Geographic coordinates:
13 00 N, 105 00 E

Area:
total: 181,040 sq km
land: 176,520 sq km
water: 4,520 sq km

Area—comparative:
slightly smaller than Oklahoma

Land boundaries:
total: 2,572 km
border countries: Laos 541 km, Thailand 803 km, Vietnam 1,228 km

Coastline:
443 km

Cambodia Topography
Source: Wikipedia

Climate
As a tropical country, the climate is monsoonal and has marked wet and dry seasons of relatively equal length. Both temperature and humidity generally are high throughout the year. The dry season runs from November to April averaging temperatures from 27 to 40 degrees Celsius. The monsoon lasts from May to October with southwesterly winds ushering in the clouds that bring seventy five to eighty percent of the annual rainfall often in spectacular intense bursts for an hour at a time with fantastic lightning displays. The total annual rainfall average is between 100 and 150 centimeters, and the heaviest amounts fall in the southeast. Rainfall from April to September in the Tonle Sap Basin-Mekong Lowlands area averages 130 to 190 centimeters annually, but the amount varies considerably from year to year. Rainfall around the basin increases with elevation. It is heaviest in the mountains along the coast in the southwest, which receive from 250 to more than 500 centimeters of precipitation annually as the southwest monsoon reaches the coast. The coolest and most comfortable period for those from cooler climates is from October to January.